Baby Bumps to Burpees: Returning to Exercise for C-section Recovery

Returning to exercise after a c-section isn’t just about getting back into your pre-pregnancy shape—it’s also a reminder of your incredible strength as a mum. Undergoing a c-section takes more recovery on top of your pregnancy journey, and going back into your fitness means you’re making great progress. As a new mum,  remember that taking care of yourself is just as important as caring for your family. More than the workouts and the fitness goals, this is about paced self-care and wellness.

Welcome to the much-awaited third part of our series focusing on C-section recovery. Let’s delve into the considerations of returning to exercise!

Find the first part here: C-section and scar tissue healing

Second part here: C-section and pelvic floor muscle recovery


It’s important to remember the significance of the fourth trimester and recognise that during the initial three months, the focus is on laying the groundwork for a steady return to fitness goals.

Collaborating with a women’s health physiotherapist allows for a personalised plan aligned with your assessment, fostering a mindful and healing approach to postnatal exercise. Emphasising exercises that support your recovery, the postnatal exercise journey unfolds uniquely for each individual.



Focus on movements and breathing for wound healing:

  • Diaphragmatic breathing: Practise gentle breathing.
  • Pelvic floor contractions: You can start doing this once the catheter is removed.
  • Pelvic tilts.
  • Wound support: Perform activities supporting your wound, fostering confidence and healing.
  • Cardiovascular exercise: Do light cardio gradually increasing duration by five minutes per week.


  • Postpartum scars may feel sticky, similar to the tension in your spine from contorting around your baby for feeding or co-sleeping.
  • Prioritise range-of-motion exercises when you’re comfortable. You can try the cat-cow, thread the needle, overhead arm stretch, or modified cobra poses.
  • Activate the transverse abdominis by ‘zipping up’ your tummy muscles from the pelvic floor to the breastbone. Exhale as if blowing candles for tension awareness.
  • Consider comfortable bodyweight exercises like bridging, lunges, or squats.
  • Take regular walks, gradually building endurance.


  • Check-in for a six-week postnatal assessment with your women’s health physiotherapist.
  • Focus on your inner core activation, crucial for overcoming muscle inhibition post-incision. Targeted, pelvic floor-friendly exercises aid in optimal nerve firing.
  • Abdominal muscles regain only ~50% tensile strength by six weeks, making assessment crucial before incorporating sit-ups or crunches.
  • Consider postnatal exercise classes with instructors trained to support postpartum women.
  • Walking up to 45-60 minutes. If comfortable, consider reclined or seated cycling or an elliptical trainer.


  • Now could be the time to consider elevating the intensity and diversifying your exercise routine at this point.
  • Consider exercise-specific strengthening and proprioception. For running, focus on glutes, quads, thoracic rotation, and abdominal strength. The Couch to 5k app is a helpful resource.
  • Increase abdominal challenges, keeping in mind that by six to seven months, only 73-93% of original tensile strength is regained (Ceydeli et al 2005).


  • Changes in bladder or bowel function (leaking, urgency, or pain)
  • Vaginal pressure or heaviness
  • Bleeding
  • Pain, especially over your scar
  • Breathing control during exercise (ensure comfortable breathing, avoid holding your breath)
  • A posture that supports muscle function and feels right
  • Doming or tenting of the abdominal wall (observe if your abdomen is forced out during exercise)

If you experience any of these signs—pause, reset, and retry. If problems persist, it might not be a suitable exercise for you at the moment. Consider seeking guidance from your women’s health physiotherapist for personalised advice.

A note on diastasis recti: Around 60% of women may experience an abnormally widened separation at six to eight weeks postnatal. The connective tissue can continue to remodel for up to a year post-birth. To learn more about diastasis recti you can read my blog here.

A note on strength training: Start with low weights, then gradually shift the balance depending on what you want to achieve whether strength or bulking.


  • Pain when urinating
  • Pain relief is not working
  • Sore abdomen, upset stomach
  • Red, swollen, or painful wound
  • Discharge in wound
  • High fever
  • Vaginal bleeding is still heavy or foul-smelling
  • Feeling faint or racing heart
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath
  • Headache with nausea or vomiting
  • Pain, redness, or swelling in the calf muscles of one leg

Remember to focus on what you can do, not what you can’t. You only experience postnatal recovery once, so let’s maximise your well-being with the guidance of a women’s health physiotherapist. 

If you feel like you could benefit from specialised guidance and treatment for your c-section recovery or return to exercise, please call or WhatsApp us at 9780 7274, or get in touch by email at help@embracephysio.sg to make an appointment.

Feel free to look through our website, where you can learn about other women’s health conditions we treat. This is a safe space where we can discuss how we can help you with physiotherapy.

Note: While I am a physiotherapist, I am not your personal physiotherapist. The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and are not intended to serve as individual medical advice.


  1. Goom, Tom & Donnelly, Grainne & Brockwell, Emma. (2019). Returning to running postnatal – guidelines for medical, health and fitness professionals managing this population.
  2. Ceydeli A, Rucinski J, Wise L. Finding the best abdominal closure: an evidence-based review of the literature. Curr Surg. 2005 Mar-Apr;62(2):220-5.
  3.  Find the first part here: C-section and scar tissue healing
  4. Second part here: C-section and pelvic floor muscle recovery
  5. https://www.embracephysio.sg/the-6-week-postnatal-appointment/
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My experience with Embrace Physiotherapy has been very good. A very professional approach from the staff, right from the first call I made to seek appointments till the end of the therapy. A special note about my interaction with Alex, my consulting physiotherapist: Alex is very good at her work. She listens to her patients patiently to understand the issues being faced before exploring the solutions. She made me feel very comfortable and helped me to work with her to find the right solution to my needs. Her interactions have always been nice and with an added human touch, enabled me to feel comfortable working with her. She doesn't rush the treatment procedure and has helped me explore more than one solution keeping my condition and the history of complications in mind. She also keeps track of the progress and provides alternate solutions if the current approach isn't yielding the desired results. She is much more than a physiotherapist as she gave some great suggestions about lifestyle which helped me avoid the recurrence of issues.

Sowmya Krishnan Avatar Sowmya Krishnan
September 10, 2022

I send my clients to Embrace because I know they’re going to get amazing, trauma-informed care from start to finish. As a small business it’s hard to sometimes tick all the boxes but they do. Kudos to the team for always being there.

Dewi Chen Avatar Dewi Chen
August 1, 2023

I recommend Embrace for women to get help on their pelvic health. Preet is warm, funny and gives excellent advice - no question is too silly. Suhana is friendly and reminds me of my appointments. Thanks, Embrace, for caring for women's health!

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January 13, 2023

Embrace life. Embrace Physiotherapy.

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